Dr. Gabbar is a full Professor in the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) in the Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science, and cross appointed in the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, where he has established both the Energy Safety and Control Lab (ESCL) and Advanced Plasma Engineering Lab. He is the recipient of the Senior Research Excellence Aware for 2016, UOIT. He is leading national and international research in the areas of smart energy grids, safety and control systems, advanced plasma systems and their applications on nuclear, clean energy and production systems. He is leading research in Canada with international recognition in energy safety and control for nuclear and energy production facilities. Dr. Gabbar obtained his B.Sc. degree in 1988 with first class of honor from the Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University (Egypt). In 2001, he obtained his Ph.D. degree from Okayama University (Japan) in the area of Safety Engineering. From 2001 till 2004, he joined Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan), as a research associate in the area of process systems engineering. From 2004 till 2008, he joined Okayama University (Japan) as a tenured Associate Professor, in the Division of Industrial Innovation Sciences. From 2007 till 2008, he was a Visiting Professor at the University of Toronto, in the Mechanical Engineering Department.
Dr. Gabbar has been successful in attracting national and international funds from a number of organizations including, Qatar National Research Foundation, NSERC, OCE, MaRS, and other industrial collaboration, including NSERC Discovery Grant on Resilient Interconnected Micro Energy Grids, and Regional Planning of Gas-Power Grids for Energy and Transportation Infrastructures with different fuel options in Ontario, Canada. His research have been widely recognized and reflected to his publications in patents, books, chapters, and journal and conference papers.
He has more than 210 publications, including patents, books / chapters, journal and conference papers. He been invited and participated in world-known conferences and delivered plenary talks on number of scientific events and through invitations to international universities, including: Alexandria University-Egypt, Helwan University-Egypt, Qatar University-Qatar, PI-UAE, Mayor of Nanjing-China, Tsinghua University-China, China University of Petroleum-China, UTM-Malaysia, Oil & Gas Industry-UAE / Kuwait, University of New Mexico-USA, Durham Strategic Energy Alliance (DSEA)-Canada, R&D Priorities to Integrate Natural Gas and Electricity infrastructure to Maintain Flexible-Canada, Canada Mission to China, Energy Hearing Committee in the House of Commons in Ottawa-Canada, and Canadian Workshop on Fusion Energy-Canada.
Speech Title: Advances in Interconnected Micro Energy Grids and Applications in Sustainable Transportation and Smart Cities
Abstract: This talk will present research advances in micro energy grid design, control, and protection methods and systems and how to improve performance in terms of cost, environmental impacts, and energy supply and generation performance. The talk will present advances in energy storage and generation technologies and best practices in effective deployment strategies. Design and control of advanced flywheel energy storage and generation systems will be explained with regional deployment strategies. Integration of NG and H2 within micro energy grids will be explained with planning, design, control, and deployment strategies on transportation and smart cities.
Dr. Osama Mohammed is a Professor of Electrical Engineering and is the Director of the Energy Systems Research Laboratory at Florida International University, Miami, Florida. He received his Master and Doctoral degrees in Electrical Engineering from Virginia Tech in 1981 and 1983, respectively. He has performed research on various topics in power and energy systems in addition to design optimization and physics based modeling in electric drive systems and other low frequency environments. Professor Mohammed is a world renowned leader in electrical energy systems. He has performed research in the area of electromagnetic signature, wideband gap devices, power electronics, and ship power systems modeling and analysis. He has current active research projects for several Federal agencies dealing with; power system analysis and operation, smart grid distributed control and interoperability, energy cyber physical systems, and co-design of cyber and physical components for future energy systems applications.
Professor Mohammed has published more than 450 articles in refereed journals and other major IEEE refereed international conference records. He also authored a book and several book chapters. Professor Mohammed is an elected Fellow of IEEE and is an elected Fellow of the Applied Computational Electromagnetic Society. Professor Mohammed is the recipient of the prestigious IEEE Power and Energy Society Cyril Veinott electromechanical energy conversion award and the 2012 outstanding research award from Florida International University.
Professor Mohammed has lectured extensively with invited and plenary talks at major research and industrial organizations worldwide. He has served or currently serves as editor of several IEEE Transactions including the IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, and the IEEE Transactions on Industry Application. Professor Mohammed served as the International Steering Committee Chair for the IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conference (IEMDC) and the IEEE Biannual Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC). Professor Mohammed was the General Chair of six major international conferences in his areas of expertise in addition being general chair for two future IEEE major conference.
Speech Title: Energy Cyber Physical Systems and Communication Challenges for Operational Security in Utility and Industrial Systems
Abstract: The development of innovative cybersecurity technologies, tools and methodologies that advance the energy system’s ability to survive cyber-attacks and incidents while sustaining critical functions, is needed for the secure operation of utility and industrial systems. It is essential to verify and validate the ability of the developed solutions and methodologies so that they can be effectively used in practice. The development of solutions to mitigate cyber vulnerabilities throughout the energy delivery system is essential to protect hardware assets. It will also make systems less susceptible to cyber threats and provide reliable delivery of electricity if a cyber incident occurred.
In this talk, we will describe how the developed solution can protect the power grid and industrial infrastructure from cyber-attacks as well as build cybersecurity protection into emerging power grid components and services. This includes microgrid and demand-side management components as well as protect the network (substations and productivity lines) and data infrastructure (SCADA) to increase the resilience of the energy delivery systems against cyber-attacks. These developments will also help utility security systems manage the large amounts of cybersecurity risk data and cybersecurity operations. For these developments to succeed, cybersecurity testbeds and testing methodologies are necessary to evaluate the effectiveness of any proposed security technologies.
The focus in the development of cybersecurity capabilities in energy systems should span over multiple strategies; in the near term, midterm and long term. The continuous security state monitoring across cyber-physical domains is the goal in the near term. The development of continually defending interoperable components that continue operating in degraded conditions is required in the midterm. The development of methodologies to mitigate cyber incidents to quickly return to normal operations is necessary for all system components in the long term. We will discuss R&D efforts in these areas centered on the development of operational frameworks related to communication and interoperability, control and protection.
The importance of interoperability between smart grid applications and multi-vendor devices is important and must be considered. The current grid is composed of multi-vendor devices and multi-lingual applications that add to the complexity of integrating the smart grid components and also securing them. Standards development entities have been working with utilities, vendors, and regulatory bodies on developing standards that address interoperability in the smart grid. These include IEEE, IEC, NIST, ANSI, NERC and many others. In this presentation, we will conceptualize a comprehensive cyber-physical platform which involve the communication and power network sides integrating the cyber information flow, physical information flow, and the interaction between them. A data-centric communication middleware provides a common-data bus to orchestrate the system’s components together leading to an expandable multi-lingual system. We will present a hardware protocol gateway that was developed as a protocol translator capable of mapping IEC 61850 generic object oriented substation event (GOOSE) and sampled measured value (SMV) messages into the data-centric Data Distribution Service (DDS) global data bus. This is necessary for integrating the widely used IEC 61850-based devices into an exhaustive microgrid control and security framework.
We will also discuss a scalable cloud-based Multi-Agent System for the control of large scale penetration of Electric Vehicles (EVs) and their infrastructure into the power grid. This is a system that is able to survive cyber-attacks while sustaining critical functions. This framework’s network will be assessed by applying contingencies and identifying the resulting signatures for detection in real-time operation. As a result, protective measures can be taken to address the dynamic threats in the foreseen grid-integrated EV parks where the developed system will have an automated response to a cyber-attack. In distributed energy management systems, the protection system must be adaptive. It is assisted by communication networks to react to dynamic changes in the microgrid configurations. In this regard, this presentation will also describe a newly developed protection scheme with extensive communication provided by IEC 61850 standard for power networks to monitor the microgrid during these dynamic changes. The robustness and availability of the communication infrastructure is required for the success of protection measures. This scheme is an adaptive protection scheme for AC microgrids that is capable of surviving communication failures through energy storage systems.
Masafumi Yamaguchi is Distinguished Professor at the Toyota Technological Institute (TTI), Nagoya, Japan, Director of the Research Center for Smart Energy Technology (SET) at the TTI, Research Supervisor of the “Creative Clean Energy Generation using Solar Energy” under the JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency), Visiting Professor of the Kyushu University, and Visiting Professor of the Kyushu University. He was won the following awards the Becquerel Prize from the European Commission in 2004, The William Cherry Award from the IEEE in 2008, The PVSEC Award in 2011, The WCPEC Award in 2014, The Science and Technology Award by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in 2015.
Speech Title: Towards Creation of Mobility Society using Solar Energy
Abstract: The nuclear power plant accident occurred in Fukushima, Japan in March 2011 has given us very important messages such as unclearness for safety and cost effectiveness of nuclear energy and important of clean renewable energies including PV (photovoltaics) instead of nuclear energy. These suggest importance of further installation of PV power systems in Japan and importance of development of science and technology of PV and international collaboration and cooperation for PV. This paper overviews PV R&D activities in Japan as the PV R&D Project Leader of NEDO and JST. Present status of various solar cells efficiencies under NEDO and JST PV R&D projects are presented: 44.4% for concentrator III-V compound 3-junction solar cell, 37.9% for 1-sun III-V compound 3-junctiion cell, 26.3% for single-crystal Si cell, 22.3% for CIGS cell, 19.2% for Perovskite cell, 14.0% for a-Si based 3-junction cell, 11.9% for dye-sensitized cell and 11.1% for organic cell. Efficiency potential of various solar cells is also discussed. Future prospects of PV and our recent approaches towards creation of “Mobility Society by using Solar Energy” are discussed. Very large-scale installation of PV power systems is needed and thus development of ultra-high performance, low cost and highly reliable solar cells is very important. In addition, development of low cost and long lifetime batteries, highly reliable and intelligent system technologies such as smart grids is necessary. We are now challenging III-V/Si tandem solar cells. Because III-V/Si tandem solar cells have great potential for high-efficiency, low-cost and light-weight solar cells. Automobile applications by using solar energy are also very important and very attractive. Recently, we have developed high-efficiency (32%) InGaP/GaAs/InGaAs thin-film 3-junction solar cells module with an area of 32cm x 32cm and 30% efficiency InGaP/GaAs/Si mechanically stacked 3-junction solar cell. Those are expected to be one of seeds for solar electric vehicle applications.
Dr. Liuchen Chang joined the faculty of University of New Brunswick in 1992 and is a professor in Electrical and Computer Engineering. He held the position of NSERC Chair in Environmental Design Engineering during 2001-2007, and was the Scientific Director and Principal Investigator of pan-Canadian Wind Energy Strategic Network (WESNet) during 2008-2014. He was a recipient of CanWEA R.J. Templin Award in 2010 for his contribution in the development of wind energy technologies, and the Innovation Award for Excellence in Applied Research in the Province of New Brunswick in 2016 for his contributions in smart grid and renewable energy technologies. He was the general chair of the 2015 7th IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE 2015) in Montreal, Canada, and 2016 8th IEEE International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference - ECCE Asia (IPEMC 2016-ECCE Asia) in Hefei, China. He is a fellow of Canadian Academy of Engineering (FCAE) and a Vice President of IEEE Power Electronics Society. He has published over 320 refereed technical papers in journals and conference proceedings. His expertise is in power converters, direct load controls and distributed generation systems.
Speech Title: Alternative Power System Resources based on Distributed Energy
Abstract: The penetration of renewable energy systems has been increasing globally. The intermittent renewable energy resources require additional power system resources to balance the fluctuations in both loads and intermittent generators. The additional system resources have traditionally been supplied by dispatchable central generation stations, some are fossil fuel based. However, keeping adding central generation plants to power systems is unsustainable due to their high environmental impacts. Various energy storage systems using pumped hydro, compressed air, battery, flywheel and hydrogen systems as sources have been used in utilities. In addition to other limitations, costs are still high for these available energy storage systems in utility applications. Dr. Chang will present an alternative energy storage resource for power systems based on distributed energy resources. The distributed energy resources include distributed generators (wind, solar etc.), customer loads and battery storage systems including electric vehicles. The customer loads have thermal energy storage capacities, such as water heaters, electrical thermal storage units, ice making units, HVACs, etc. With aggregated controls and virtual power plants, the overall power consumed by these loads can be ramped up or ramped down continuously without negative impact to the normal end use, similarly to other energy storage systems. Distributed generation systems, energy storage systems, and direct load control systems thus form generalized energy storage systems as new and alternative power system resources for ancillary services or/and peak load shaving, which can enable integration of a high percentage of intermittent renewable energy systems in utilities.
Josipa G. Petrunic is the Executive Director & CEO of the Canadian Urban Transit Research & Innovation Consortium (CUTRIC). She is leading the formulation of several large-scale transportation technology trials through CUTRIC’s consortium of private and public sector stakeholders, including the Pan-Ontario Electric Bus Demonstration & Integration Trial. Dr. Petrunic has also served as the lead researcher in electric vehicle policy studies at McMaster University. She is currently completing the Ontario Electric Vehicle Technology Roadmap funded by a federal Automotive Partnership Canada (APC) grant and slated for publication in Fall 2016. Dr. Petrunic worked previously as a senior research fellow at University College London (UCL) in the United Kingdom focusing on Science and Technology Studies and the history of mathematics and engineering. She completed her PhD in the History of Mathematics at the University of Edinburgh (Scotland) as a Commonwealth Scholar, after completing a Master's of Science in Science and Technology Studies (STS), also as a Commonwealth Scholar. She previously completed a Master's of Science in Political Philosophy at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and a bachelor's degree in Political Science and Journalism at Carleton University. Before pursuing graduate studies, Dr. Petrunic worked as a journalist at the Globe and Mail, Toronto Star and Edmonton Journal. Dr. Petrunic continues to lecture in Globalization Studies at McMaster University as part of the Institute for Globalization, and she lectures in interdisciplinary research methods as part of the Master’s of Arts in Integrated Studies program at Athabasca University.
Speech Title: Pan-Ontario Electric Bus Technology Demonstration & Integration Trial (Phase I, 2017-2019/2020)
Ontario’s Climate Action Plan (CAP), as issued by the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MOECC) in June 2016 committed the province to radical reductions in transportation-related GHGs, including CO2, CO, and noxious gases emanating from diesel pollutants. Transit vehicles constitute GHG emitters. Diesel buses produce climate-affecting GHGs as well as smog-inducing noxious pollutants. While some transit agencies have experimented with and integrated small fleets of hybrid diesel-electric buses as well as compressed natural gas (CNG) buses in the past, there are currently no zero-emissions buses – i.e. fully battery electric or hydrogen fuel cell electric buses – on Ontario roads today. Paradoxically, Ontario’s near zero emissions electricity generation and distribution system, which benefits from sources of nuclear, hydro, solar and wind energy, renders the Province an ideal energy/electrical “fuel” landscape for the electrification of transit vehicles as part of a long-term strategy to reduce transportation-related GHG emissions. However, Ontario’s transit agencies and utility/local distribution companies (LDCs) face significant technological and operational hurdles in integrating “off the shelf” electric bus technologies today. These hurdles include technical challenges associated with a lack of international standardization for overhead charging systems; a lack of neutral, third party demonstration and trial data regarding vehicle and charging station performance in real world conditions; a lack of neutral third party (non-OEM) data regarding the lifecycle degradation of electric bus batteries and charging system infrastructure; and, a lack of qualified expert personnel on staff to manage e-mobility techno-infrastructural investments over the long-term. Throughout 2016 CUTRIC has worked to identify champion transit and utility agencies across Ontario that are ready to overcome these challenges by absorbing the abnormally high level of risk associated with electric bus integration into fleets (today) in the interests of reducing transportation emissions from operations over the long-term, and in the interests of helping manufacturers design and deliver better, more efficient, and less costly e-bus products in the future. Utilities in Ontario that joined CUTRIC’s 2016 E-Bus Consultation process (April-July 2016) indicated there are benefits to distributed charging episodes for heavy-duty bus loads. “Distributed” charging refers to both geographical distribution across a landscape of transformer equipment and chronological distribution over a time period (i.e. day and night). Geographical distribution allows for resiliency planning and redundancy planning with charging stations located across several areas that might not all at once be affected by a grid-side failure. Chronological distribution allows for energy management planning, such as the absorption of Ontario’s new renewable daytime slumps of energy – especially during the summer – as well as Ontario’s nighttime surplus power and wind power surges. Distributed charging systems offer transit agencies maximum “uptime” for e-buses, while enabling a rapid and robust fuel shift away from imported petroleum towards domestically produced electrons, thus enabling domestic job growth in the clean technology and green energy domains. The integration and confirmation of inter-operability among charging systems and e-buses requires extensive knowledge creation, planning and championship at all levels of government and at all levels of transit and utility operations. This is because these systems represent a completely new transportation-energy matrix – one that is mostly foreign to transit and utility sectors today. This presentation will review the outcomes of the CUTRIC-led Pan-Ontario Electric Bus Demonstration & Integration Trial (Phase I) planning and funding efforts (2016-2017).